The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services has updated the program manuals used by Medicare contractors in order to “clarify” that coverage of skilled nursing and skilled therapy services does not depend on a beneficiary’s potential for improvement but rather on the beneficiary’s need for skilled care.
This is a long awaited positive change and means that nursing home residents can avail themselves of longer periods of Medicare coverage than was possible before, thus saving a nursing home resident what could be tens of thousands of dollars.
The manual update is part of the January 2013 settlement agreement in Jimmo v. Sebelius, No. 11-cv-17 (D. Vt.), which ended Medicare’s longstanding practice of requiring beneficiaries to show a likelihood of improvement in order to receive coverage of skilled care and therapy services for chronic conditions. CMS states in the Transmittal announcing the Jimmo Manual revisions:
- No “Improvement Standard” is to be applied in determining Medicare coverage for maintenance claims that require skilled care. Medicare has long recognized that even in situations where no improvement is possible, skilled care may nevertheless be needed for maintenance purposes (i.e., to prevent or slow a decline in condition). The Medicare statute and regulations have never supported the imposition of an “Improvement Standard” rule-of-thumb in determining whether skilled care is required to prevent or slow deterioration in a patient’s condition. Thus, such coverage depends not on the beneficiary’s restoration potential, but on whether skilled care is required, along with the underlying reasonableness and necessity of the services themselves. The manual revisions now being issued will serve to reflect and articulate this basic principle more clearly.
The next step in the Jimmo settlement is an educational campaign that CMS will soon mount to explain the settlement and the revised manual provisions to Medicare contractors, providers, adjudicators, patients, and caregivers. CMS’s educational campaign should consist of national calls, forums, written materials, training, and changes to its website.
The CMS Transmittal for the Medicare Manual revisions, with a link to the revisions themselves, is posted on the CMS website.