Federal Judge Declares CT’s Treatment of Medicaid Compliant Annuities Unconstitutional
August 16, 2010
In a lawsuit filed by Czepiga Daly Pope & Perri, U.S. District Court Judge Janet C. Hall ruled on August 13, 2010 that Connecticut resident Mrs. Amelia Lopes did not have to sell an annuity she had purchased in order to have her husband, John F. Lopes, qualify for Medicaid coverage. Attorneys Brendan F. Daly and Paul T. Czepiga, two of the elder law attorneys who argued the case on behalf of Mrs. Lopes, noted that the decision affirms the use of annuities to convert assets to much–needed income for many older Connecticut residents who qualify for Medicare. That annuity purchase also reduced Mrs. Lopes’ countable assets to less than the $109,560 that the state of Connecticut allows in order to qualify for Medicaid.
Mr. Lopes has been confined to a nursing home since November, 2008. The Lopes’ had $166,000 more of countable assets than permitted by Medicaid law. In order to qualify her husband for Medicaid, Mrs. Lopes purchased a single premium immediate annuity for $166,000 in order to provide her with a fixed monthly income.
The state of Connecticut contended that Mrs. Lopes should sell the annuity’s income stream for a lump sum, even though such a sale would have netted only about $98,000 and even though the annuity was irrevocable. In fact, such a sale was not possible because the contract under which the annuity was created prohibited any such assignment. It was the state’s position that if the annuity income could be sold, even at a loss, Mrs. Lopes would be over the $109,560 asset limit and her husband would not, consequently, be eligible for Medicaid.
Mrs. Lopes’ attorneys, Czepiga Daly Pope & Perri, contended that federal law exempts her annuity’s fixed income in determining her husband’s eligibility for Medicaid benefits. In other words, what had been $166,000 of countable assets was, through the purchase of an immediate payout annuity that complied with federal Medicaid rules, converted to exempt income for Mrs. Lopes’ sole benefit.
Judge Hall ruled as unconstitutional Connecticut’s policy of trying to force a healthy spouse (whose husband or wife is in a nursing home) to sell the income stream produced by the healthy spouse’s annuity.
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Czepiga Daly Pope & Perri